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TitleTango Dance: Therapeutic Benefits: A Narrative Review
AuthorZafar H. Israili
AbstractThe aim of this comprehensive narrative review is to present, in a condensed form, the evolution of Tango as a popular enjoyable dance and all the published studies on the therapeutic benefits of tango dance in individuals with various illnesses, especially Parkinson’s disease. The review provides useful information to researchers and healthcare providers in developing optimal individualized therapy based on tango dancing in improving physical and emotional health, and the quality of life of patients. Tango, a partner dance accompanied by music originated in the 1880’s in Argentina and Uruguay. Of the many styles, Argentinian tango is the most popular dance practiced and enjoyed by a large number of people worldwide. Therapeutic benefits of tango dance were recognized in 1980, and numerous scientific studies have shown that tango dance improves quality of life, cognition, endurance, balance, social satisfaction, and emotional health. Tango dance targets five main areas considered to be important for improving quality of life: 1) physical exercise (increasing muscle tone, endurance, heart and lung conditioning and enhancing balance, stability and flexibility); 2) social satisfaction (improving self-confidence and socializing); 3) spirituality and mindfulness; 4) cognition ; 5) meaningfulness and emotional health (reducing stress and anxiety, and giving a sense of well- being). Although, the beneficial effects of tango dance have been demonstrated in elderly individuals and in subjects with anxiety, depression and neuropathy, most of the studies have been carried out in patients with Parkinson’s disease, in whom the dance improves physical and neurological deficit, and the quality of life. Limitations of therapeutic application of tango dancing include patients’ physical limitations, need for a committed dance p